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Dyslexia

Statistics


UK [1]

  • Somewhere between four and five percent of the population are dyslexic. It is estimated that there are about 375,000 pupils in the UK with dyslexia and a total of some two million people who are severely affected


What is it?

The word 'dyslexia' comes from the Greek and means 'difficulty with words'. It is a difference in the brain area that deals with language. It affects the under-lying skills that are needed for learning to read, write and spell. Dyslexia occurs in people from all backgrounds and of all abilities.


Symptoms

Dyslexia is a puzzling mix of both difficulties and strengths. It varies in degree and from person to person.

Possible difficulties:

  • Reading hesitantly
  • Misreading, making understanding difficult
  • Difficulty with sequences, e.g. getting dates in order
  • Poor organisation or time management
  • Difficulty organising thoughts clearly
  • Erratic spelling

Possible strengths:

  • Innovative thinkers
  • Excellent trouble-shooters
  • Intuitive problem solving
  • Creative in many different ways
  • Lateral thinkers

Another term for dyslexia is specific learning difficulty. Dyslexia is one of several specific learning difficulties. It means that the difficulties are specific rather than more general learning difficulties.


Further information


Acknowledgements: This section has been developed with the help of the British Dyslexia Association.


[1] Dyslexia Actions (n.d.) What is Dyslexia? . [accessed 29/11/12].

 



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